Global Aviation Consultants Update Issue 59 - March 2016

By Vivienne Sandercock

1. Message from the Editor
2. A small matter of knowledge
3. Africa's 2015's Hazards, Incidents, Accidents and Safety Occurrences
4. Emergency Response Planning
5. Henley Global Safety and Quality Training
6. IATA: zero fatal jet hull losses in 2015; four fatal turboprop losses
7. UN Agency wants speedier aircraft threat warnings 8. Dangerous goods carried by passengers and crew - small lithium battery powered personal transportation devices 9. Commercial airline and airport news
10. News from the Johannesburg Airports
11. Safety and Security
12. SAAFA donations
13. Finale


If airports are the windows to the soul of a country the local airlines that operate into them are a reflection of those windows. How those airlines look after their passengers and cargo and how they adhere to all of the rules and regulations prove that they are a true part of the Tourism culture chain. Likewise, the smaller airports with their proliferation of Flight Training Schools, AMOs and Hangarage Facilities are also a huge part of the Tourism Industry. It is beholden upon all of us in the world of General and Commercial Aviation to do our bit in attracting Tourism by providing superior levels of customer service whilst obeying the Regulatory CATS and CARS along with the airport or operators Operations Manuals.



100 Years of Attention to Safety Brings Results

The photograph shows NASA's December 1984 "controlled impact demonstration," the deliberate crash of a remotely piloted Boeing 720, tested an anti-misting fuel additive intended to reduce the severity of post-crash fires. It didn't. Credit: NASA

Debate swirls around the right way forward for air safety. Advocates of enhanced and synthetic vision want those systems to be given more credit so that their users can keep flying when the ducks are walking. Other operators are concerned that long sectors and automated aircraft leave crews unfamiliar with real flying. And as Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 shows, aviation at 100 years can still present riddles. But the history of air safety shows that debates and mysteries are part of the process.

If 1962 fatal accident rates were coupled with today's rate of departures, there would be a major jet crash every other day. But there were only two in 2015, one the result of a pilot suicide and the other, almost certainly, from a bomb. The air safety process has been neither linear nor organized, and there's no one single factor involved. Comedian George Carlin once asked, "If the black box flight recorder is never damaged during a plane crash, why isn't the whole airplane made out of that stuff?" Not only has there not been a technological breakthrough of that kind, but one of today's most widely produced airliners is an evolved version of an airplane designed in 1965.

Rather, today's level of air safety is the result of gradual changes in how aircraft are built, maintained, equipped and operated. As one cause of accidents was reduced or eliminated, its place as the most dangerous threat was taken by another problem, and the industry focused on that. Better tools and techniques for accident investigation pointed to underlying causes, which could in turn be addressed and their effects mitigated. Technology, training and psychology have dealt with problems that were once dismissed as "pilot error." But some issues remain to be addressed and will keep the industry focused during aviation's second century.



Date A/C Type Fatalities Location

2 Jan 16 Cessna182 0 Uhuru Gardens, Nr. Wilson Airport, Nairobi, Kenya
27 Jan 16 F16 2 near Fayed, Ismailia, Egypt
29 Jan 16 Cessna 425 Conquest 3 3km outside the Hosea Kotuku International Airport boundary, Namibia
03 Feb 16 PA32-300 3 Watville, Benoni, GP, RSA

Source, amongst others, PlaneCrash; News24, Aviation Herald, Flight Safety Information


Date A/C Type Fatalities Location

02 Jan 16 EC130 B4 0 Nr. Parys, Free State, RSA
29 Jan 16 RH44 1 Maswa Game Reserve, Tanzania (shot down)
03 Feb 16 S76 0 136.70 nautical miles from AEHA Field in Bonny Island, inward MMIA Lagos, Nigeria.


Haz Inc Date A/C Type Location Fatal Ities Circumstances Op Type Inc

02 Feb A321-11 Mogadishu, Somalia 1 A/C was climbing out of Mogadishu (Somalia) en-route to Djibouti (Djibouti) at +/- 5 mins into the flight when an explosion was heard. The crew stopped the climb and returned the aircraft to Mogadishu for a safe landing about 20 minutes after departure. A large hole was seen at the right hand side of the fuselage above the wing. Com Inc
3 Feb A320-200 En route from Tunis, Tunisia to Paris Orly, France at FL360 about 90nm northeast of Marseille (France) 0 The crew shut the left hand engine (CFM56) down as result of an abnormal engine indication and decided to divert to Marseille. The aircraft landed safely on Marseille's runway 31R about 30 minutes later. Com Inc
4 Feb Twin Comanche Rand Airport, GP, RSA 0 Engine Failure TRNG INC
7 Feb B737 8LD (WL) Lanseria Airport, GP, RSA 0 Bird (Guinea Fowl) Strike on departure COM HAZ
8 Feb Cessna 172 Rand Airport, GP, RSA 0 Radio Communications Failure TRNG INC
11 Feb Cirrus Rand Airport, GP, RSA 0 Engine Failure PVT INC
14 Feb MD11 Harare Airport, Zimbabwe 1 Dead stowaway found onboard during tech stop for fuel. COM HAZ
26 Feb Cessna 172 Rand Airport, GP, RSA 0 Low power PVT INC
27 Feb A330-200 Madinah, Saudi Arabia 0 On departure from Madinah (Saudi Arabia) to Tunis (Tunisia), the a/c was climbing through FL320 out of Madinah when the left hand engine (Trent 772) flamed out prompting the crew to secure the engine and return to Madinah for a safe landing on runway 35 about 40 minutes after departure. COM INC
29 Feb PC12 Rand Airport, GP, RSA 0 Burst tyre TRNG INC
29 Feb Twin Comanche Rand Airport, GP, RSA 0 Radio communications failure, systems failure, executed a wheels up landing TRNG HAZ
29 Feb Twin Comanche Rand Airport, GP, RSA 0 Radio communications failure TRNG


Haz Inc Date A/C Type Location Fatal Ities Circumstances Op Type Haz
16 Feb RH44 Rand Airport, GP, RSA 0 Radio Communications Failure TRNG HAZ
21 Feb RH44 Rand Airport, GP, RSA 0 Low power TRNG INC
26 Feb Augusta 109 Porto-Novo, Benin 0 Tail clipped a pole


Goma, DRC
Construction Hazards Unmanned aircraft. Very poor ATC. Possible volcanic activity. Ground based Navaids serviceable but not calibrated. Birds

Libreville, Gabon
Poor ATC coupled with inadequate navaids. Poor Marshalling combined with inappropriate behaviour of drivers on the ramp and taxiways.

Kadugli, Sudan
Poor ATC control of aircraft in the area. The runway is breaking up with only small areas in use for safe landing.

Juba, Sudan
Very poor ATC. Crews must be on the lookout for other aircraft in their vicinity. Vehicular traffic not obeying any regulations in terms of overtaking aircraft on taxiways and weaving in and out of aircraft on the apron

Bunia, DRC
Adverse weather caused by the ITCZ.

Kisangani, DRC

Lanseria Airport, GP, RSA
Birds (Guinea Fowl)

Rand Airport, GP, RSA
Birds (Guinea Fowl)


Blake Emergency Services is the International Crisis Management and Contingency Planning Consultancy who, although based in the UK, have serious experience in Africa having handled accidents, incidents, counselling, repatriation, DNA sampling and confirmation, in amongst others Lagos, Nigeria; Fez, Morocco; Pointe Noire, Congo; Moroni, Comores; Maputo, Mozambique and more recently Ukraine for MH017, Air Asia and Mali for Air Algerie. Please go to or contact .

If you are interested in becoming a volunteer for Blake Emergency Services please contact Rethea at the address given above.

An Emergency Response Plan is a required section of your SMS and may also be added to your Operations Manual.

A conference for existing and prospective clients is being arranged for the end of 2016. We will publish details when they become available.


Should you wish to make a booking for any of these courses please contact Candice on 011 024 5446 or by email to

Dates Course Lecturer Cost Excl. Vat Per Delegate
02 March 2016 CRM Refresher Verity Wallace R 1,150-00
02 March 2016 DG - Refresher Verity Wallace R 935-00
07-08 Mar 2016 Safety Management Systems (SMS)
R 2,720-00

07-11 Mar 2016 Integrated Safety Management Course R 6,800-00
14 & 15 March 2016 Human Factors - AME and CRM initial Dr. Joel Hughes R 2,720-00
30 & 31 March 2016 Quality Assurance Auditor Course Dan Drew R 2,720-00
30 March 2016 CRM - Refresher Verity Wallace R 1,150-00
30 March 2016 DG - Refresher Verity Wallace R 935-00
04 April 2016 CRM Refresher Verity Wallace R 1,150-00
04 April 2016 DG - Refresher Verity Wallace R 935-00
11&12 April 2016 Quality Assurance Auditor Course Dan Drew R 2,720-00
18 & 19 April 2016 Human Factors - AME and CRM initial Dr. Joel Hughes R 2,720-00
22 April 2016 CRM Refresher Verity Wallace R 1,150-00
22 April 2016 DG - Refresher Verity Wallace R 935-00

Cost per delegate includes all training materials, refreshments and lunch.
Attendees paying in cash on the day are eligible for a 10% discount
Both Recurrent CRM and Dangerous Goods Training Courses are available upon request - even at short notice.
On request we also offer -
Air Cargo Security (Part 108)
Health and Safety (Medical)
Cargo and Warehouse Security
Risk Management & Investigations
First Aid and the Law
Emergency Response, Incident Response, Operations Control, Emergency Response and Family Assistance training together with the writing of Emergency Response Plans and Procedures training is now offered through Blake Emergency Services. For more information, please contact Rethea on


Not a single accidental jet hull loss in 2015 resulted in fatalities, according to IATA's 2015 Safety Performance report. Four turboprop accidents resulting in hull loss occurred during the year, resulting in 136 fatalities. The previous five-year period (2010-2014) had an average of 17.6 fatal accidents and 504 fatalities per year.

As measured in hull losses per million jet flights, the global jet accident rate in 2015 was 0.32-the equivalent of one major accident for every 3.1 million flights. "This was not as good as the rate of 0.27 achieved in 2014, but a 30% improvement compared to the previous five-year rate (2010-2014) of 0.46 hull loss accidents per million jet flights," IATA said.

The global turboprop accident rate in 2015 was 1.29 hull losses per every one million turboprop flights; the rate for the previous five-years (2010-2014) was 3.95 turboprop hull losses per one million flights
"2015 was another year of contrasts when it comes to aviation's safety performance," IATA DG and CEO Tony Tyler said. "In terms of fatal accidents, it was an extraordinarily safe year. And the long-term trend data show that flying is getting even safer."

IATA's safety performance evaluation does not include the hull losses and accompanying fatalities incurred from Germanwings 9525 and Metrojet 9268, which resulted in the deaths of a combined 374 passengers and crew. Each incident is classified by IATA as a "deliberate act of unlawful interference," with the Germanwings disaster noted as an act brought on by pilot suicide and the Metrojet downing a result of suspected terrorism.

"We were all shocked and horrified by two deliberate acts [of] destruction," Tyler said. "While there are no easy solutions to the mental health and security issues that were exposed in these tragedies, aviation continues to work to minimize the risk that such events will happen again."


The U.N.'s aviation agency wants to cut the time it takes to issue warnings about credible threats to aircraft on a website it launched after the 2014 downing of a Malaysian passenger jet over Ukraine, sources familiar with the matter said on Thursday.

The International Civil Aviation Organization is reviewing its nearly year-old conflict zones website, which has been criticized for taking too long - up to 72 hours - to post advisory warnings about threats to aircraft.

Airlines have pushed for accessible, up-to-date information on risks to civil aviation after Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 was shot down in July 2014, killing 298 people.

A proposal to eliminate the 72-hour period, a delay countries can use to review and respond to the advisories in advance, will be presented to ICAO's council in May, said one aviation industry source, who was not authorized to talk to media.

"ICAO will no longer have to hold critical information while waiting for a state to respond," added a second source, who also requested anonymity.

But China, Russia and Bolivia have already raised concerns about the existing site, even before the proposed change. They have said the site risks being hijacked for political motives because states are allowed to post about each other's affairs, said a third source, who sits on the ICAO council.

An ICAO spokesman said an agency review group recognizes the need to make it easier to post information in a timely manner but said he was unable to confirm specific details about the proposal.

Industry groups, some of which run their own information-sharing sites, said the ICAO website and threat information repository could be a one-stop shop for aviation intelligence but more states need to contribute warning notices.

"We hope that when the quality is sufficient and the information is comprehensive ... we can use the ICAO repository as one source to feed our site, rather than having to look at 10-15 other places," said Zarko Sivcev, adviser to the director of the European air traffic network manager Eurocontrol.

Tony Tyler, chief executive of the International Air Transport Association, which represents the majority of the world's airlines, on Thursday called the ICAO repository a "good start

"Clearly, the governments need to step up and actually populate it with useful information," said Tyler at an aviation conference in New York.


ICAO ELECTRONIC BULLETIN For information only EB 2016/01 AN 11/2.1 5 January 2016

1. Small lithium battery-powered personal transportation devices are being carried by air as cargo and by passengers in checked and/or carry-on baggage in increasing numbers. Examples of these devices include hover boards, self-balancing single or multi-wheels, and mini segways. Some operators have banned carriage of them by passengers and crew because of safety concerns prompted by media reports of some devices catching fire. While the Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (Doc 9284) currently allow these devices to be carried provided certain conditions are met, States are encouraged to recommend to operators that they require passengers to carry such devices in the cabin, where an incident can be immediately mitigated, and not in checked baggage.

2. Several States have reported a level of confusion amongst air operators who continue to allow carriage of the devices with respect to which provisions of Doc 9284 apply when they are carried by passengers or crew and when they are transported as cargo. The following outlines which provisions apply: a) When carried by passengers or crew, devices containing lithium ion batteries having a Watt-hour rating of 100 Wh or less may be permitted under the provisions for portable electronic devices containing lithium metal or lithium ion cells or batteries contained in Part 8 of Doc 9284, provided all applicable criteria listed in the restrictions column of Table 8-1 are met. Devices containing lithium ion batteries having a Watt-hour rating exceeding 100 Wh but not more than 160 Wh may be carried subject to an approval by the operator. Those exceeding 160 Wh are not permitted to be carried by passengers or crew. b) When transported as cargo, devices containing batteries must be assigned to UN 3171 - Battery-powered vehicle and are subject to all applicable requirements of the Technical Instructions. Batteries not contained in the device must be consigned as UN 3480 - Lithium ion batteries.

3. States are encouraged to provide the information in this bulletin to operators and to emphasize the need to ensure all staff handling such devices are aware of the restrictions that apply. States are also encouraged to emphasize the need for operators to ensure that passengers are aware of the restrictions that apply.
Issued under the authority of the Secretary General


The Zambian Government has announced the construction of an ultra-modern airport in Ndola, on the Copperbelt, in the Chichele Forest which is surrounded by the four mining towns of Ndola, Kitwe, Mufulira and Luanshya. Work should commence in the first quarter of this year.

The new Somerset Airport is due to be officially opened shortly.

Fastjet Kenya's Air Service Licence has been approved by the Kenya CAA's Air Services Licencing and Technical Committee to operate domestic scheduled and international non-scheduled flights.

Iberia will resume their Madrid to Johannesburg route in August 2016. It is expected that they will operate 3 times a week on an A330-300 aircraft

25 Feb 2015 - Direct flights to Ethiopia, Botswana and additional flights to Gatwick are on the cards for Cape Town International Airport. In addition to the increased flights, Cape Town Air Access is also negotiating non-stop routes to the US and Asia, and a number of strategic destinations in the rest of Africa. Cape Town Air Access, launched last night, consists of the Western Cape Investment and Trade and Promotion Agency (Wesgro), the City, Airports Company South Africa (ACSA) and the provincial government.

SAA are going to cease their flights to Abu Dhabi.


Users of the Johannesburg aerodromes must be aware of the fact that they all take Aviation Safety and AVSEC seriously. If you want to use these airports as a Pilot or are employed in any way on them, then we would recommend that you make yourself aware of Part 139 in the SACARs and the Rules and Regulations applicable to that particular aerodrome. Be prepared for fines being levied if you breach any of the SARPs.


Next Safety Meeting - Tuesday 5th April 2016 at 09.00 in the Old Customs Hall
# The wearing of high visibility jackets/waistcoats is mandatory for all persons, excepting for passengers under escort, on airside. (SA CAR 139.02.22(6))
# Drivers found to be speeding on airside will have their access remote taken from them.
# Vehicles being driven on airside must carry proper mandatory insurance cover
# All delivery vehicles and visiting vehicles requiring access to airside MUST be escorted from the access gate to the premises and then after closure of their business back to the gate for egress.
# Cranes are not allowed onto Rand Airport unless their use has been specifically authorised by airport management
# All operators are required to report Bird Strikes to the Safety Office even if there has been no structural damage to the aircraft as a result of the strike.
# Fuel must not be "trucked" into Rand Airport from other sources. Should there be a special requirement permission must be sought from the Airport Manager. The previous "block" method of charging landing fees will now cease with a discount being given to Rand Airport Air BP Customers which will amount to the same charges being levied as under the block system.


Next Safety, Security and Stakeholders Meeting will be held on Tuesday 8th March 2016 at 12.00 in the LIA Training School.
# The wearing of high visibility jackets/waistcoats is mandatory for all persons, excepting for passengers under escort, on airside. (SA CAR 139.02.22(6))
# Drivers shall obey the published speed limits which are 30 on airside and 40 on landside - these have been enforced as from 1st May 2015


Next Safety Meeting will be held on Tuesday 5th April 2016 at 12.00 in the Boardroom
# The wearing of high visibility jackets/waistcoats is mandatory for all persons, excepting for passengers under escort, on airside. (SA CAR 139.02.22(6))
# Drivers found to be speeding on airside will have their access revoked


Cape Verde - Zika Virus Infection
Ghana - H5N1
Madagascar - Bubonic Plague
Mauritius - Dengue Fever
Nigeria - Bird Flu in Edo and Lassa Fever in Taraba and Kano
Sierra Leone - Ebola (again)
South Africa - Typhoid Fever
Tanzania - Cholera in Mwanza
Zimbabwe - Anthrax in Umzingwane District


Should you wish to make a donation to this more than worthy cause then please pay it (via EFT or as a deposit) into;
Standard Bank Bedford Gardens; Bank Code 018 305; Account Name: SA Air Force Association (JHB Branch); Account Number: 022 605 568. You may use either your Company or Individual name along with the word donation as the reference.



If you are interested and qualified please send your CV to

Part Time Consultant Air Safety Officers required who comply with the requirements of SA CARS Part 135, Part 121, Part 127, Part 140, Part 141 and Part 145 - must have had appropriate SMS training, previous experience and preferably been approved by the South African Air Services Licencing Council.

Part Time Quality Assurance Consultants required who are appropriately qualified and comply with the requirements of Part 135, Part 121, Part 127, Part 140, Part 141 and Part 145.

Part Time Aviation Security Consultant required who is appropriately qualified for RSA and International Operations

Can we help you with your aviation safety and / or quality requirements?
Under SA CAR 140.01.2 if you and your organisation hold one of the following
# a category 4 or higher aerodrome licence;
# an ATO approval;
# an aircraft maintenance organisation approval;
# a manufacturing organisation approval ;
# an ATSU approval;
# a design organisation approval;
# an AOC issued in terms of Part 121, 127, 135, 141;
# a procedure design organisation approval; and
# an electronic services organisation approval,
then you shall establish a Safety Management System for the control and supervision of the services rendered or to be rendered by that organisation.
If you do not already have an approved Air Safety Officer and an approved Safety Management System then please contact us for assistance.

We, at Global Aviation Consultants, deliver the following SA CAA Approved training courses for Air Safety Officers at Rand Airport;
# Safety Management Systems
# Integrated Safety Officer Course
# Quality Assurance Auditor
# Crew Resource Management (Initial and Recurrent)
# Dangerous Goods
# Human Factors for AME's

Should your operation be of a size whereby the full time employment of an Air Safety Officer and/or Quality Assurance Officer is not financially viable then we can provide you with Consultants who have previously held Air Services Licensing Council approval. We can also provide you with a tailor made SA CAA approved Safety Management System and all SA CAA required Manuals for your operation.

For further information on how we can help you please contact Rethea or Candice in Hanger 6, Rand Airport, Germiston on 011-024-5446/7 or e-mail

Global Aviation Consultants accepts no liability for the content of this email, or for the consequences of any actions taken on the basis of the information provided, unless that information is subsequently confirmed in writing. If you are not the intended recipient you are notified that disclosing, copying, distributing or taking any action in reliance on the contents of this information is strictly prohibited.

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